A garment merchandiser should have much expertise to handle any garment export order. They need to do study and research from a different angle which is related with the garments costing. Usually, garment merchandisers have to face many problems in their daily life. They need to handle all of these problems smartly. Now we will elaborate a garment analytical method which is usually followed in the ready made garment industry.
Method to Analysis a Garment:
Some factors are directly involved with garment analytical process especially in the apparel export business. So, we need to consider these factors before order execution.
Please find the following factors for your reference.
1) Measurement chart,
2) Size ratio,
4) List of trims and accessories required,
5) Fabric consumption per dozen,
6) Cost of garments per dozen,
7) Quality of garments,
8) Determination of production time and delivery date.
9) Availability of Sewing machine
Let’s see these significant factors in the following articles:
1) Measurement chart:
It is one of the focal points to execute any apparel export order and fundamental step to start analytical process. Once a merchandiser got this measurement chart from buyer, he will pass it to pattern maker to precede pattern. Then upon this measurement chart, he will start sample development.
2) Size ratio:
A style consists with different size. Usually, buyer orders a number of size garments to meet users demand. Size ratio sequence is XS, S, M, L, XL to 5XL etc. The buyer habitually confirms it. If it is S: M: L i.e. 1:2:1. It is just an example. But it will play a significant role during consumption making and cutting.
Buyer will fix a color combination of a wearer before step into bulk production. Usually, buyer procures different color garments to please their consumers. More color combination of a garment increases the possibility to hit the sale target. A style may consist of several colors. Once receive the color code or pantone number from buyers, merchandisers have to do lab dip for approval. It’s one of the mandatory tasks for the colored garments.
4) List of trims and accessories required:
It is one of the important tasks for a garment merchandiser to measure required trims and accessories before order confirmation. They should make a bill of material i.e. BOM sheet to get a details idea regarding trims and accessories that will be used in bulk production. If any item missing from BOM sheet, that means profit margin will be decreased proportionally.
6) Fabric consumption per dozen:
Fabric is an element that will occupy about 70% of total garment cost. So you can imagine the importance of fabric consumption. Little bit fabric saving may increase the chance of profit margin. So please sit with pattern maker to check the measurement chart and marker paper carefully to fix accurate fabric consumption. Usually, it’s considered in a dozen, but you can compile it in piece whatever is suitable for you.
7) Cost of garments per dozen:
Merchandisers should check each and every costing parameters of a garment item and negotiate with the concern parties to minimize. They have to prepare a cost sheet by considering fabric cost, trims and accessories cost, dyeing cost, embroidery cost, washing cost, printing cost, transportation cost and others. Usually, it’s calculated in a dozen, but you can prepare it in piece whatever is convenient for you.
8) Quality of garments:
Quality has too much impact on garment analysis. Nowadays buyers are more conscious about quality issues and do not compromises with any quality fault. Each buyer of apparel industry has an individual quality guideline. Hence, they spend much money to develop a smart quality team to expedite their brand’s image. So a merchandiser should have keen knowledge on buyer’s major quality factors properly such as fabric strength, seam strength, measurement tolerance, garment defects, lab test requirements, fabric defects, packing guideline etc which directly affected on garments quality.
9) Determination of production time and delivery date:
It is another key point for a merchandiser to pick an order from buyers. Merchandiser should check with the production chief to fix convenient production time and delivery date before order confirmation unless later they will face many problems to keep the buyer requested delivery date.
10) Availability of required sewing machine:
Merchandiser should have sound knowledge of sewing technology. Sometimes critical garments require different sewing machine that may not exist in the production line. Before picking any order from buyer’s merchandiser should check with the technician for the availability of required sewing machine in manufacturing units.
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