Saturday, January 24, 2015

A device which is used to stitch fabric and other material with thread is called sewing machine. Most of the clothes what we wear are sewn by sewing machines. Before, this task was done manually by needle and thread with the help of hands. Dress making process becomes easier after being invented of sewing machines. Industrial sewing machinery are using to produce not only apparels but also shoes, bags, parachutes, car seats, travel kits and sofa etc.  
juki sewing machine

Domestic Sewing Machine is usually used in homes or tailoring shop. It is run by foot and may also be converted to electrical power machine. There are numerous types of sewing machines engaged to make our wearers. When garment making process pulled to industry, scientists invented industrial power generated sewing machines to meet the demands of fashion conscious people. Sewing machines are categorized depending of stitch classes, seam types, number of needle used, table bed, utility etc. In the following list we have tried to enclose most of the sewing machines those are used in garment manufacturing process.

Sewing Machinery
Main reason of this topic is to focus about different types of sewing machine which mostly used in apparel industry. Different types of sewing machines are used in apparel industry. Sewing task is usually done by using needle & thread to join two pieces of fabrics. Sewing process is done by sewing machine with the help of operators. So, sewing section is the biggest part in any apparel industry. Production output and product quality mainly depends on the performance of sewing machinery.

Types of Sewing Machines:
During the Industrial Revolution in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, apparel production moved out from the cottages and run into factories with well furnished high-speed sewing machines. Machine assemble generated more wearers with less defects what could met the demand of fashion conscious people. Development of industrial sewing technology expedites to boost apparel industry.
Semi-automatic and fully automatic machines were developed in different stages to smooth production process. Currently modern industrial sewing machine manufacturer are providing several functional and computerized sewing machine with fantastic programming features. Those sewing machines are equipped with electronic devices which are capable to perform automatically in different processes only by pressing a switch. According to the features there are two types of sewing machines are available in this sector. 

A. Manually operated sewing machine.
B. Electrically operated sewing machine.
A sewing machine is a tool which is used to stitch fabric or other substance together with thread. Sewing machine was invented during the first Industrial Revolution, however, the most improved, efficient, dynamic and productive but price flexible industrial sewing machine was designed by an English man named Thomas Saint in 1970.

Various types of Industrial sewing machines used in garments industry which are known as:
1. Top & bottom cover stitch flat lock machine (cylinder bed and flat bed)
2. Blind stitch machine/Chain stitching machine.
3. Single/multi needle industrial lock-stitch sewing machine with or without trimmer
Over lock machine (2 needles/ 3 needles/ 4 needles and 5 needles): it is used to remove the raw edges of the pattern during assembling.
4. Interlock m/c (twin needle, 5-thread over lock m/c): it is used to trim the outline and stitch simultaneously. 
5. Single/double needle chain stitch m/c: 
6. Linking m/c: it is used to produce sweater 
7. Zigzag flat bed sewing m/c (1-needle): it is used to make wavy stitch for decorating.
8. Feed of Arm (double chain stitch m/c, 3-needle)
9. Pin tucking machine.
10. Smocking machine / Automatic multi needle shirring machine
11. Button Hole m/c: it is used to attach button in the garments.
qq sewing machine12. Button covering stitch belt loop making m/c (kansai m/c): it is used to cover button hole.
13. Label/elastic inserting machine

14. Bar tack m/c (with automatic thread trimmer): it is used to prevent reinforcement at the opening or closing position of any apparel.
15. Shoulder pad-attaching machine
16. Hemstitch machine.
17. Collar and cuff turning and blocking machine and pressing machine
18. QQ loop making m/c: it is used to make QQ hole

Most of the models of industrial sewing machines developed to accomplish a particular task. A single model has a single function and it could not provide all what you desire. For example, there is a model particularly designed for sewing straight seams, a model for attaching buttons on garments, a model for sewing zigzag stitches, a model for sewing cuffs, a model for doing interlock or over-lock etc.  
Well-selected sewing machine is necessary to achieve sound results. It should be used correctly in harmony with the job requirements. Thus, a production line or production floor has to be decorated with different types of industrial sewing machinery to gain its optimum level.  

Friday, January 23, 2015

Trims are another common item has to use to accomplish garments. Importance of trims physical inspection is still immeasurable. All attempts would be in vain if somehow attach defective trims in the garments and found it at the final inspection. So, it’s a good practice for garments Q.A department to check necessary trims physically before issuing for a particular style. Trims physical inspection process and check points have narrated below for Q.A departments:


** Zipper:
» Check the Zipper color as Approved / Standard at all parts.
» Check the Zip-Length as per spec in inch/cm and Zip Teeth/Coil # in mm each size.
» Check the Zipper slider function as Lock, Non-lock or auto-lock as active.
» Check any Zipper Bow/Bias.
» Check the Zip slider / stopper / teeth furnish / finish / dye color split or broken.
» Check any Zipper tape damage.
» Check any Sharp point at Zipper Slider, Puller & Stopper.
» Check the Zipper slider / tape / teeth/ stopper color shading.

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Apparel makes the man smart” it is an old proverb, which we believe as without giving it much consideration. Dresses are not only makes the man flourish but also influence the facial expressions and the body. Clothing is a vital element that takes us in front of the people and communicates with them simultaneously. We cannot deny that clothing is a symbol of smartness.
cloth selection
Wearer covers the body and resists the user from suns ray, heat, cold, wind, sand, water and dust. Usually, the facts which mostly encourage us to procure wearer are user’s income, age, season, occasion, passion, culture and fashion test etc. 

The real factors for cloth selection mainly depend on customer’s manners and test. The main purpose of this article is to focus about different factors for cloth selection. These are illustrated as follows:  

Monday, January 19, 2015

How the people like to wear the cloth which was known as labor cloth, currently it has been transformed to the mass people fashion wearer in the world? The cloth makers are telling that the wearer may long lasting if it is not wash out which is made of denim fabric. Some manufacturers are advising that denim product should not be washed out without wearing at least six months. Some of them told that the smell of long time used jeans is the smell of triumphant. But how it is possible to wear unwashed oily jeans so many days in society?

jeans wash

Advice regarding wash or non wash jeans
You may purchase several types of wearers from shop but the washing instruction of denim garments is far apart from others. You will find some peculiar care instruction from some well known branded denim wearer. Renowned British denim makers Hewitt gives diverse advice for washing of denim garments. They said “the denim cloths remain well before washing after using six months”. Your jeans look so good if you do not wash it so much. 

There are many opinions found about the care of jeans. Another British jeans maker Album says, “wear it long last, do not wash any day”, other people wash the jeans and wear it as they like. What method do you choose but it is proven that he who wears the jeans for many days can get desired fade color.
Swedish jeans maker Nudi says, “The smell of new dry jeans is totally different which is used for many days before washing though it spread bad smell. But the smell emits the smell of triumph.
The way to use jeans without wash
You might like the fade look of jean after using some days. But, dart, spot and stain embedded on the wearers. Please soak a piece of cloth lightly and scratch (rub) on darts, spots and stains to remove from the wearer. Then you should hang the wearer on the rope under sun. After that you had better reverse the wearer so that all sides get absorb the sun rays a few hours later. Eventually, shake the wearers properly. Now the jeans are ready to try.
What is the solution of bad smell of jeans which is already dried under sun’s ray? Have a look. The jeans brand Telason advice jeans should not be washed. But, if there is no way to quit from bad smell then you can reverse the jeans and wash it with cold water by rubbing soap then dry it under sun’s ray.

When above ideas does not fulfill wearers requirement then businessman introduces new ideas. The renowned businessman named Ash Black also did it so. He then launched an air freshener named Mister Black Denim Refresh. He has told jeans become oily due to dirt and perspiration. Spray these freshener ins and outs of your jeans and keep it around 10 minutes. Once it dries it will become fresh again.

Actually, the yarn and weaving process of denim cloth is special though it is solid dyed fabric. So, the denim clothes condition would be better if applies less wash than others stuffs. Moreover, the new indigo denim wearer looks good without washing. Jeans cloth creates more appealing after using some days. Especially, it looks more lucrative at knee, buttock and side seam points. Furthermore, Jeans look alluring with its fade looks. The superb Swedish brand Nudi tells the looks of jeans wearer depend on tenure of usage. Traveling and wandering are beneficial for jeans looks. Jeans which are used at motorcycle or workshop give more eye catching looks than when it wears at office. Once upon a time jeans were known as the wearers of poor people. Now it is treated as the wearers of cosmopolitan’s citizens. Do not forget the history of jeans by seeing today’s sophistication looks. Levis is the first brand who has introduced jeans pantaloons in the universe.

Once it was the wearer of cowboys and woodcutters especially in western countries but now it has become mainstream casual fashions trend for fashion designers.

Saturday, January 17, 2015

Fashion designers generate large number of new styles for the consumers in each season. Creative designers convert their imagination by making lucrative dresses for consumers based on location, season, culture, user’s age, test, income etc. Basically fashion design is influenced by culture and social latitudes, and has varied over time and place. Fashion designers are the people who not only design cloths, but also design dreams. Some are discarded instantly by the consumer on the retail level or by the fashion media but others are accepted for a time after demonstration by customers procuring and wearing them.
fashion cycle

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

cambodiaCambodia is a poor country in South East Asia. According to World Bank, 20% people of Cambodia are earning about $1.25 per day. It is tough to get a suitable job in Cambodia. RMG sector being spread up in Cambodia as it is a populated country. 
Increase of wages
Recently the government of Cambodia has increased the wages of workers after long movement. But this attempt could not pleased the agitator, the workers are not still happy. As a resultant, uncertainty remain exists in RMG sector of Cambodia.

The government of Cambodia has decided to increase 28% of wages in last week. The new wage will be $128 instead of $100.This new wages will be enacted from 1st January 2014. The labors were engaged in defiance and sit-down strike for many days. The labor Minister of Cambodia consul with garments owner, labor federation, government officials in a summit and spoke that the lifestyle will be enhanced after this new wages implementation.

In addition, he also hoped that the owners will be able enough to remit the wages within time.

Friday, December 5, 2014

The finish goods what we purchased from market is the results of many people’s effort. Generally designer, material provider, operator and producer are directly involved to generate a garment. It is mentionable that customer will never purchase quality less product from the market. But it is also too tough to keep product quality when it produced in bulk production. To ensure product quality, QA guy has to scrutiny every point with full concentration.  

Inspection Process
It would be better if a QA guy obey the following instructions carefully:  
Start product inspection task in a clock-wise Direction.  
1. Check appearance by holding garment (pant) at waist. Examine front and back. Make symmetry control by folding the garment.
2. Lie garment flat (pant) on the audit table. Check for style details, examine front and back embroidery design / print or heat seal design which exist in the garment.
3. Stretch waistband to full extent. Inspect front outside of waistband.

4. Turn waistband back. Check draw cord, labels etc.
5. Fold garment forward. Inspect back waist.
6. Lay garment flat on the audit table with front rise towards auditor (Inseam to Inseam). Stretch left side seam to full extent. Inspect left side seam including pockets if applicable. In case of 3 stripes stitching inspect inside well.  

7. Stretch left leg opening to full extent, inspect left leg opening. If having zipper, unzip and inspect.
8. Stretch front rise and back rise to full extent.
9. Inspect front rise and back rise well. In front rise if having zipper, unzip and inspect.
10. Stretch inseam in four parts to full extent. Inspect total inseam.  
11. Fold left leg forward (to original position). Turn pant over back rise to auditor (inseam to inseam). Stretch right side seam to full extent. Inspect right side seam, including side pockets if applicable. In case of 3 stripes stitching inspect inside well.
12. Stretch right leg opening to full extent, inspect right leg opening. If having zipper, unzip and inspect.
13. Turn garment inside out. Lie garment flat on audit table. Make sure any unchecked seam on inside.
Finally turn the garment from inside to outside, if OK then passes if not then put sticker where found any defect, puckering, dent or item missing or any technical error etc.